The Medicines Patent Pool

The Medicines Patent Pool negotiates voluntary licenses with originator companies to allow generic manufacturers to make medicines for HIV, tuberculosis and hepatitis C. Here, a patient suffering from multidrug-resistant tuberculosis holds his MDR-TB pills in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (Image: The Global Fund)

Creating access to affordable, high-quality HIV, hepatitis C and tuberculosis medicines for lower-resource countries.

Challenges

Patents are intended to reward innovation, but they can sometimes delay access to new treatments by making them unaffordable in resource-constrained settings.

Solutions

The Medicines Patent Pool (MPP) negotiates with patent holders for licenses on HIV, hepatitis C and tuberculosis medicines.

These licenses permit pharmaceutical manufacturers to produce and distribute generic versions of patented medicines in developing countries. Licenses also provide the freedom to develop new treatments better suited for resource-limited settings, such as paediatric formulations and fixed-dose combinations. Competition among many manufacturers also brings prices down. MPP’s work on voluntary licenses for HIV, tuberculosis and hepatitis C is entirely funded by Unitaid.

 

“We are running the biggest antiretroviral therapy programme in the whole world. We would not have been able to do so if not for generics. Companies are now willing to give voluntary licenses for others to manufacture generics.”

Dr. Aaron Motsoaledi, minister of health, South Africa

Progress so far

MPP has delivered significant results since its creation in 2010. Licensing agreements have been signed with patent holders for 15 antiretroviral drugs, two hepatitis C antivirals, one tuberculosis treatment and an HIV technology platform.

Sublicensing agreements have been signed with 23 generic suppliers and product developers.

As of December 2017, MPP sublicensees had reached people living with HIV, hepatitis C and tuberculosis in 130 countries.

The impact we are seeking

The MPP increases the speed and scale of access to the most innovative medicines by making them more affordable.



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